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# conformal mapping

A mapping $f\colon\mathbb{R}^{m}\to\mathbb{R}^{n}$ which preserves the magnitude and orientation of the angles between any two curves which intersect in a given point $z_{0}$ is said to be conformal at $z_{0}$. A mapping that is conformal at any point in a domain $D$ is said to be conformal in $D$.

An important special case is when $m=n=2$. In this case, we may identify $\mathbb{R}^{2}$ with $\mathbb{C}$ and speak of conformal mappings of the complex plane. It can be shown that a mapping $f\colon\mathbb{C}\to\mathbb{C}$ is conformal if and only if $f$ is a complex analytic function. The complex conjugate $\overline{f}$ of a conformal mapping $f$ is inversely conformal, i.e. it preserves the magnitude but reverses the orientation of angles.

If $m=n$, then we can study invertible conformal mappings. It is clear from the definition that the composition of two such maps and the inverse of any such map is again an invertible conformal mapping, so the set of such mappings forms a group. In the case $m=n>2$, the group of conformal mappings is finite dimensional and is generated by rotations, translations, and spherical inversions.

This notion of conformal mappings can be generalized to any setting in which it makes sense to speak of angles between curves or angles between tangent vectors. In particular, one can consider conformal mappings of Riemannian manifolds. It can be shown that, if $(M,g)$ and $(N,h)$ are Riemannian manifolds, then a map $f\colon M\to N$ is conformal if and only if $f^{*}h=sg$ for some scalar field $s$ (on $M$).

## Mathematics Subject Classification

30E20*no label found*53A30

*no label found*

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