disjunction property

The disjunction property (or DP for short) is the meta-statement in logic, which says

if AB, then A or B.

DP fails for classical propositional logicPlanetmathPlanetmath, but is true for intuitionisitc propositional logic. In fact, there are infinitely many intermediate logics between classical and intuitionistic logicsMathworldPlanetmath that satisfy DP. Furthermore, there are no intermediate logics maximal with respect to satisfying DP. With respect to predicate logic, DP is ture in first order intuitionistic logic without function symbols.

There is also a modal version of the disjunction property (or MDP for short), which states:

if AB, then A or B.

It is not hard to see that MDP holds in normal modal logics K, T, K4, S4, and GL, and fails in D, B, and S5.

Remark. In predicate logic, there is also a sort of infinitary analog of DP called the existence property (EP), or the witness property, which states:

if xP(x), then there is a closed term t such that P(t).

Like DP, EP fails in classical first-order logic, but true in first-order intuitionistic logic without function symbols and with at least one constant symbol.

Title disjunction property
Canonical name DisjunctionProperty
Date of creation 2013-03-22 19:35:37
Last modified on 2013-03-22 19:35:37
Owner CWoo (3771)
Last modified by CWoo (3771)
Numerical id 11
Author CWoo (3771)
Entry type Definition
Classification msc 03F55
Classification msc 03B55
Classification msc 03B20
Synonym DP
Related topic AxiomSystemForIntuitionisticLogic
Related topic NaturalDeductionForIntuitionisticPropositionalLogic
Related topic NormalModalLogic