indefinite and definite sums
An indefinite sum, like an indefinite integral, is an operator which acts on a function. In other words, it transforms a given function to another via a certain law. This article presents the so called Caves summation formula. The advantages of the formula in comparison with other summation methods are that it gives the indefinite sum for any analytical function, and that it also completely reduces summation to integration. One can do with the Caves summation formula everything that one can do with an integral. For example, one can take a sum along a path either in the complex plane or along a contour with a singular point inside the contour, and so on.
where is the region of summation. In case of summation in complex plain must be a positive constant, where is a positive value less or equal to the minimal radius of convergence of Tailor series of the function on the intersection of the area of summation with the -axis. In case of summation exclusively on a segment of the -axis it is more convenient to choose or , especially in a case when there is a singular point on the path of summation.The same for a path parallel to the -axis when is regarded as a function of real valued argument. The more close is to zero the more close the possible area of summation is to the hole area where is analytical.
Periodical function with the period
where is the diameter of the area of summation and is a parameter.
The floor of ( is real) is the largest integer less then .
From the condition are Bernoulli polynomials) I find out that
The definite sum is defined as:
In the case of integer summation boundaries the summation formula can be simplified.
1. Complete details are provided through the link to the following http://www.oddmaths.info/indefinitesumweb site: http://www.oddmaths.info/indefinitesum.
2. The complete pdf of the entire article can be downloaded here from the http://planetmath.org/files/papers/554/Summation.pdfcomplete article on “Summation” uploaded to the Papers section.
|Title||indefinite and definite sums|
|Date of creation||2013-03-22 19:22:22|
|Last modified on||2013-03-22 19:22:22|
|Last modified by||bci1 (20947)|
|Defines||Caves summation formula|