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Homesimilarity of triangles

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# similarity of triangles

The following theorems are valid in Euclidean geometry:

Theorem AA. If one triangle has a pair of angles that are congruent to a pair of angles in another triangle, then the two triangles are similar.

Theorem SAS. If a pair of sides of a triangle are proportional to a pair of sides in another triangle and if the angles included by the side-pairs are congruent, then the triangles are similar.

Theorem SSS. If the sides of a triangle are proportional to the sides of another triangle, then the triangles are similar.

The AA theorem may be regarded as the definition of the similarity of triangles. In some texts, the AA theorem is assumed as a postulate. The other two theorems may be proved by using the law of cosines for determining the the ratios other sides (for SAS) and the angles.

In hyperbolic geometry and spherical geometry, similar triangles are congruent. (See the AAA theorem for more details.) Thus, the SAS theorem and SSS theorem are invalid in these geometries.

## Mathematics Subject Classification

51F99*no label found*51M05

*no label found*51-00

*no label found*

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